MODERN AMERICAN LITERATURE

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Modern American literature

Modern American literature is the literature last fifty years. The authors
are for example Norman Mailer. William Saroyan, Arthur Miller, Tenesse Williams
and William Styron and many others.

I’ll tell you something about prose-writer William Styron. He published in
the year 1979 a novel Sophie’s Choice. This novel has three main
characters. They are Sophia Zawistowska, a polish immigrant, her lover
Nathan Weistein and a writer Stingo. A plot is about a summer and
a autumn of the year 1947. There is also a retrospective to the year
1943 and also to the more distant past. The writer Stingo met the polish
immigrant Sophia and her lover in the summer of the year 1947. Her lover Nathan
Weinstein is a necromantic and a schizophrenic. The relationship of the
Sophia and Nathan is pathologic. Stigo is attracted to Sophia. Sophia remember
to her live in concentration camp Osvětim, and also on her live before her
arrest. In this time she shell poll whether she takes part on antifascist fight.
This is her first choice. After her arrest she shell poll among her children,
who come to gas, and who stay with she. This is her second choice. The esesman
names Jemanden von Niemandem, this is a symbol, in English this names means
Anybody from Nowhere. In the concentration camp she work like a secretary
of a commander of the concentration camp, names Rudolf Höss. Sophia is
desperate, she feel guilty, at the end she commit a suicide. This is her
third choice. This is an antiracist and humanistic novel.

Now I’ll tell about Beat generation. This name is joint with John Holmes
and with his novel Go. In the manuscript was the name Beat generation. John
Holmes published also an article names This is the Beat Generation. The
main representatives are Allan Gingsberg, Jack Kerouack, Williem Burroughs and
other. They practised free life, behaviour and new use of language. They were
disgusted by corrupt, commercial and conventional world around them and hoped
they can make their world better by some excitement given by drugs and drink and
Zen Buddhism teaching also influenced and them. Jack Kerouac wrote the bible of
the Beat Group, names On the Road. This novel is about friends wandering on
their motorcycles back and forth across the continent and shows us their „beat“
characters, their quest for experience, restlessness.

John Steinbeck won the Nobel Prize in 1962. He tried to uncover the reasons
of social injustice. The Grapes of Wrath describes the Depression following
after the crisis of 1929. This novel is a picture of a poor family,
which is exploited by the fruit-growers in California. His other works are Of
Mice and Men, Tortilla Flat, Cannery Row, East of Eden…

Ernest Hemingway was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1954 for his famous book the
Old Man and the Sea, which is about human strength for fighting both external
natural things and bad sides of his character.

Francis Scott Fitzgerald is connected with the Jazz Age of the 20s. He wrote
money stories about wealthy people, from whom everything is so easy because of
money. It is in the book names Tales of the Jazz Age. The Great Gatsby is his
best novel - about a very rich man who earns all his money by smuggling. He
is doing this because he wants to be on the same level as Daisy, his former
lover who had always been rich.

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